In the Name of Allah, The Benefient,The Merciful

 

 

I N T R O D U C T I O N

 

There is no difference of opinion amongst Muslim Sects that The ‘Religion’ of God is Islam; that the only way to know Islam is through the Book of God and the Sunnah of The Holy Prophet(pbuh&hf); that the Book of God is what is known as The Quran, without any addition or substraction.

And what difference is there, is in the interpretation of some of the verses of Quran; and in believing or not believing some of the Sunnah as genuine; or in its interpretation.

This difference of approach has led towards tlle difference in some basic principles and some laws of Shariah.

As the basic principles of Islam are wellknow, I do not think it necessary to enumerate all the beliefs. It will be sufficient if some of the important differences are described here to give the readers a fairly comprehensive idea of the main characteristics which distinguish Shias from the Sunnis.

All the Muslims agree:

1)

Allah is One(swt)

2)

Mohamrnad is His last Prophet(pbuh&hf)

3)

That one day Allah(swt) will resurrect all the human beings and all will be answerable to their beliefs and actions.

All of them agree that anyone not believing in any of the above Three basic Principles is not a Muslim.

Also, they agree that anybody denying the famous tenets of Islam, like Prayers, Fasting, Hajj, Zakat, etc., or believing that the famous sins, like drinking wine, adultery, stealing, gambling, lie, murder, etc., are not sins, is not a Muslim, though he might have been believing in Allah(swt) and His Prophet Mohammad(pbuh&hf), because to deny such things is tantamount to deny the Prophetlhood of Mohammad and his Shari'ah (Divine Law).

When we go further, we come across those subjects which are not agreed amongst the Muslims, and there the differences between different sects of Islam begin.

 

 

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