12) HADITH OF GHADEER 1S 'MUTAWATIR'

The following two extracts (taken from authentic Sunni books) from the said 'Khutba' (lecture) of the Holy Prophet:

"I am leaving behind, amor.g you, two most precious things

1 - the Book of Allah

and

2 - my descendants who are my family members. They will not be separated from each other unAil they come to me near 'Kauther' (in Qiyamat). Verily, Allah is my Master and I am the master of every believer. (Then he took the hands of Ali and said) Everyone whose Master am I, Ali is his Master."

These two traditions are referred to as the traditions of 'Two precious things' and of 'Wilayat' (Mastership). They are jointly and severally narrated by hundreds of traditionalists.

Nawwab Siddique Hasan Khan of Bhopal, says: "Hakim Abu Said says that the traditions of 'Two precious things' and of 'Whose Master am I, Ali is his Master', are 'Mutawatir' (i.e., narrated by so many people that no doubt can be envertained about their authenticity), because a great number of the companions of the Prophet have narrated them. So much so that Muhammad bin Jarir has written these two traditions by 75 (seventy five) different Chains (Asnaad). (Menhaj-ul-wusul, p. 13).

Some writers have tried to cast doubt on the authenticity of the events of Ghadeer. It is necessary to mention that this Hadith is Mutawatir; and the late renowned scholar Allama Amini in a number of volumes of his celebrated book 'Al-Ghadeer' has given with full references the names of 110 famous companions of the Holy Prophet; who have narrated this Hadith. Just to give an example, I am enumerating the names given under letter 'Alif'. (The years of deaths are given in brackets):

 

1

Abu Laila Ansari (37 A.H.)

2

Abu Zainab bin Awf Arsari;

3

Abu Fudhala Ansari (38 A.H.);

4

Abu Qudama Ansari;

5

Abu Umra bin Amr bin Muhassan Ansari;

6

Abul-Haitham bin At-Taihan (37 A.H.);

7

Abu Rafey Qibti, the slave of the Holy Prophet

8

Abu Dhuwaib Khuwailad (or Khalid) bin Khalid al-Hadhli;

9

Usarna bin Zaid bin Haritha (54 A.H.);

10

Ubayy bin Kaab Ansari (30 or 32 A.H.);

11

As'as bin Zurara Ansari;

12

Asema bint Umais;

13

Ummu Salma wife of the Holy Prophet;

14

Ummu Hani bint Abi Talib;

15

Abu Hamza Anas bin Malik Ansari

16

Abu Huraira.

17

Abu Bak bin Abi Qahafa

And there are not less than 84 Tabe’in (desciples of the companions) who narrated this Hadeeth from

the above mentioned companions.

Again, the list under 'Alif' is given here as a sample:

1

Abu Rashid Hibrani Shami

2

Abu Salma bin AWur-Rahman bin Awf

3

Abu Salman Muadhdhin

4

Abu Saleh Samman Dhakwan Madani

5

Abu Unfowana' Mazini

6

Abu Abdur-Rahim Kirfi

7

Abul-Qasim Asbagh bin Nubata

8

Abu Laila Kindi

9

Ayas bin Nudhair

And the traditionalists have narrated this Hadeeth in their books in every century and every era. Just to

give an example, I am giving the names of those writers and scholars who have narrated this Hadith

in the second century of Hijra:

1

Abu Muhammad Amr bin Dinar al-Jamahi al-Makti (115-116 A.H.)

2

Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Muslim bin Ubaidullah al-Qarashi Zuhri (124 A.H.)

3

Abdur-Rahman bin Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abi Bakr laimi Madam (126 A.ll.)

4

Bakr bin Suwada bin Thamama Abu Thamama Basri (i28 A.H.)

5

Abdullah bin Abi Najih Yasar Thaqafi Abu Yasar Makki (131 A.H.)

6

Hafidh Mughira bin Muqassim Abu Hesham Dhabbi Kufi (133 A.H.)

7

Abu Abdir-Rahim Khalid hin Zaid Jamahi Misri (139 A.H.)

8

Abdul-Haitham bin al-Hakam Nakh'i Kufi (cir. 140 A.H.)

9

Idris bin Yazid Abu Abdillah Awadi Kufi

10

Yahya bin Said bin Hayyan Taimi Kufi (145 A.H.)

11

Awf bin Abi Jamila Abdi Hujri Basri (146 A.H.)

12

Hafidh Abdul Malik bin Abi Sulaiman Arzami Kufi (145 A.H.)

13

Ubai dullah bin Umar bin Hafs bin Asim bin Umar bin Khattab Adawi Madani (147 A.H.)

14

Naim bin al-Hakim Madaini (148 A.H.)

15

Talha bin Yahya bin Talha bin Ubaidullah Taimi Kufi (148 A.H.)

16

Abu Muhammad Kathir bin Zaid Aslami (cir. 150 A.H.)

17

Hafidh Muhammad bin Is'haq Madani (151-152 A.H.)

18

Hafidh Muammar bin Rashid Abu Urwa Azdi Basri (153-154 A.H.)

19

Hafidh Mus'ar bin Kidam bin Dhahir Hilali Rawasi Kufi (153-154 A.H.)

20

Abu Isa Hakam bin Aban Adani (154-155 A.H.)

21

Abdullah bin Shawdhab Balakhi Basri (157 A.H.)

22

Hafidh Shuba bin Hajjaj Abu Bustam Wasiti Basri 0160 A.H.)

23

Hafidh Abul-Ula Kamil bin al-Ula Tamimi Kufi (cir. 160 A.H.)

24

Hafidh Sufyan bin Said Thauri Abu Abdullah Kufi (161 A.H.)

25

Hafidh Israil bin Yunus bin Abi Is'haq Sabi'i Abu Yusuf Kufi (162 A.H.)

26

Ja'afar bin Ziyad Kufi Ahmar (165 A.H.)

27

Muslim bin Salim Nahdi Abu Farwa Kufi

28

Hafidh Qais bin Rabii Abu Muhammad Asadi Kufi (165 A.H.)

29

Hafidh Hammad bin Salma Abu Salma Basri (167 A.H.)

30

Hafidh AWullah bin Luhai'a Abu Abdurrahman Misri (174 A.H.)

31

Hafidh Abu Uwana Wadhdhah bin Abdullah Yashkuri Wasiti Bazzaz (175 6 A.H.)

32

Qadhi Sharik bin Abdullal. Abu Abdillah Nakha'i Kufi (177 A.H.)

33

Hafidh Abdullah (or Ubaidullah) bin Abidurrahman

(or Abdurrahman) Kufi Abu Abdirrahman shja'i 182 A.H.)

34

Nuh bin Qais Abu Ruh al-Huddani Basri (183 A.H.);

35

Muttalib bin Ziyad bin Abi Zuhair Kufi Abu Talib (185 A.H.)

36

Qadhi Hasan bin Ibrahim Anazi Abu Hashim (186 A.H.)

37

Hafidh Jarir bin Abdil-Hamid Abu Abdillah Dhabbi Kufi Razi (188 A.H.)

38

Al-Fadhl bin Musa Abu Abdillah Mirwazi Sinani (192 A.H.)

39

Hafidd Muhammad bin Ja'afar Madani Basri Abu Abdillah Ghundar (193 A.H.)

40

Hafidh Ismail bin Aliyya Abu Bashar ibn Ibrahim Asadi (193 A.H.)

41

Hafidh Muhammad bin Ibrahim Abu Amr bin Abi Adi Basri (194 A.H.)

42

Hafidh Muhammad bin Khazim Abu Moawiyya Tamimi (195 A.H.)

43

Hafidh Muhammad bin Fudhail Abu Abdurrah man Kufi (195 A.H.)

44

Hafidh Wakii bin Jarrah Rawasi Abu Sufyan Kufi (196 A.H.)

45

Hafidh Sufyan bin Uyana Abu Muhammad Hilali Kufi (198 A.H.)

46

Hafidh Abdullah bin Namir Abu Hasham Hamdani Kharifi (199 A.H.)

47

Hafidh Hanash bin Harth bin Laqeet Nakhai Kufi

48

Abu Muhammad Musa bin Yaqub Zamai Madani

49

Al-Ula bin Salim Attar Kufi

50

Azraq bin Ali bin Muslim Hanafi Abul-Hajm Kufi

51

Hani bin Ayyub Hanafi Kufi

52

Fudhail bin Marzuq al-Agharr Rawasi Kufi (160 A.H.)

53

Abu Hamza Saad bin Ubaida Kufi

54

Musa bin Muslim Hazami Shaibani Abu Isa Kufi Tahhan

55

Yaqub bin Ja'afar bin Abi Kathir Ansari Madani

56

Uthman bin Saad bin Murra Qarashi Kufi

Thus this Hadeeth continues to be narrated by so many 'Ruwat' (narrators) in every era as to make it Mutawatir several times. Coming to the scholars and writers who have narrated this Hadeeth in their books of traditions, lt is enough to mention that Allama Amini has narrated the names of 360 scholars century wise.

Some people have tried to put doubt about the Asnaad of this Hadeeth. As was mentioned the Quran and the Hadeeth, if a Hadeeth is Mutawatir, there is no need to look at individual Asnaad at all. Still to show the hollowness of this charge, I would lilce to give here opinions of some of the famous traditionalists.

GO BACK

 

 

 

CHAPTER-13